Science is progressive. There is a freedom in science to revise the old inference by using more advanced means and methods of doing experiments. These characteristics of science are clearly seen in the Mendeleev’s periodic table. While applying the law that the properties of elements are a periodic function of their atomic masses, to all the known elements, Mendeleev arranged the elements with a thought that the information available till then was not final but it could change. As a result of this, Mendeleev’s periodic table demonstrates the following merits.
1. Atomic masses of some elements were revised so as to give them proper place in the periodic table in accordance with their properties. For example, the previously determined atomic mass of beryllium, 14.09, was changed to the correct value 9.4, and beryllium was placed before boron.
2. Mendeleev kept vacant places in the periodic table for elements not discovered till then. Three of these unknown elements were given the names eka-boron, eka-aluminium and eka-silicon from the known neighbours and their atomic masses were indicated as 44, 68 and 72, respectively. Not only this but their properties were also predicted. Later on these elements were discovered and named as scandium (Sc), gallium (Ga) and germanium (Ge) respectively. The properties of these elements matched well with those predicted by Mendeleev. See table 2.4. Due to this success all were convinced about the importance of Mendeleev’s periodic table and this method of classification of elements was accepted immediately. Actual and predicted properties of gallium3. There was no place reserved for noble gases in Mendeleev’s original periodic table. However, when noble gases such as helium, neon and argon were discovered towards the end of nineteenth century, Mendeleev created the ‘ zero’ group without disturbing the original periodic table in which the noble gases were fitted very well.

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25 April 2020 at 12:15