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Structure of the Modern Periodic Table

 The modern periodic table contains seven horizontal rows called the periods 1 to 7. Similarly, the eighteen vertical columns in this table are the groups 1 to 18. The arrangement of the periods and groups results into formation of boxes. Atomic numbers are serially indicated in the upper part of these boxes. Each box corresponds to the place for one element.

 Apart from these seven rows, two rows are shown separately at the bottom of the periodic table. These are called lanthanide series and actinide series, respectively. There are 118 boxes in the periodic table including the two series. It means that there are 118 places for elements in the modern periodic table. Very recently formation of a few elements was established experimentally and thereby the modern periodic table is now completely filled. All the 118 elements are now discovered.

 The entire periodic table is divided into four blocks,viz, s-block, p-block, d-block and f-block. The s-block contains the groups 1 and 2. The groups 13 to 18 constitute the p-block. The groups 3 to 12 constitute the d-block, while the lanthanide and actinide series at the bottom form the f-block. The d-block elements are called transition elements. A zig-zag line can be drawn in the p-block of the periodic table. The three traditional types of elements can be clearly shown in the modern periodic table with the help of this zig-zag line. The metalloid elements lie along the border of this zig-zag line. All the metals lie on the left side of the zig-zag line while all the nonmetals lie on the right side.

This page was last modified on
28 April 2020 at 13:35